The oil boom of the late 1920's brought problems to neighboring Borger and to Moore County. Roughnecks coming to Borger to work in the oil fields brought with them gambling houses and lawlessness.
"Forty years ago (now eighty years ago) what is now the City of Cactus was a chunk of dryland pasture at the extreme north edge of Moore County with an unbroken skyline all the 14 miles south to Dumas."
Neighboring county, Hartley, has a history somewhat different than Moore County. It is built around the railroad and two of the towns that grew because of the railroad. The county was named for two brothers, Oliver C. and Rufus K. Hartley. The county began organizing in 1891 when W. D. Twichell laid out the Channing townsite.